PISA defines reading literacy as follows: ‘Reading literacy is understanding, using, reflecting on and engaging with written texts, in order to achieve one’s goals,develop one’s knowledge and potential, and participate in society.’
Reading is often understood as simply decoding, or even reading aloud, whereas the intention of PISA is to measure something broader and deeper: from decoding, to knowledge of words, grammar and larger linguistic and textual structures and features, to knowledge about the world.
• For reading literacy three subscales are developed that reflect different tasks and capacities: retrieving information, interpreting information and reflecting information.
•The PISA reading literacy task range from very straightforward comprehension activities to quite sophisticated activities requiring deep and multiple levels of understanding.
•The domain is grouped into different proficiency levels.